The invention of the matchlock.

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The matchlock is a type of gunlock (a device for igniting the charge of a firearm) in which powder is ignited by a match[1]. It was the first mechanism that facilitated the firing of a firearm.


The matchlock was invented[2] in the Ottoman Empire around 1425 as there is evidence of them using the arquebus (a portable long gun) around that time. Here is a photograph[3] of a matchlock firearm and an animation depicting the working of a basic matchlock:

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Late 18th-19th century matchlock firearm from the Mughal Empire

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  2. gbs_navlinks_s, pages 442-443.