The discovery of the neuron purkinjense.

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The neuron purkinjense (popularly known as the Purkinje cell) is one of numerous nerve cells that occupy the middle layer of the cerebellar cortex and is characterised by a large globuse body with massive dendrites directed outward and a single slender axon directed inward[1].


The Czech anatomist and physiologist Jan Evangelista Purkyně discovered[2] the neuron purkinjense in 1836 in the cerebellum of sheep. Here is a drawing[2] he made of his discovery:

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Here is a photomicrograph[3] of a section of the cerebellum stained with tdTomato taken using a confocal microscope, clearly showing Purkinje cells:

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Here is a lithograph[4] of Jan Evangelista Purkyně:

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  1. 20cell
  2. purkinjes+vision&source=gbs_navlinks_s, page 23.