The invention of the rocket.

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A rocket is any vehicle propelled by the ejection of gases produced by the combustion of self-contained propellants. Rockets are used in fireworks, as military weapons and in scientific applications such as space exploration[1].


The rocket was invented[2] circa 1150 in China and was initially used as a firework. The type of firework in question was a “ground-rats” firework and it consisted of a tube of bamboo filled with gunpowder and had a small hole through which the gases could escape. This firework, when lit, shot about in all directions on the floor at firework displays. Here is the oldest depiction[3] of rockets attached to arrows:

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  2. gbs_navlinks_s, pages 12-13.