The invention of artificial insemination in humans.


Artificial insemination is the introduction of semen into the vagina or uterus by mechanical or instrumental means rather than by sexual intercourse.

  • It was invented by the Scottish surgeon John Hunter in 1776 when he was approached by a man with hypospadias who was having trouble impregnating his wife.
  • Hypospadias in males is a congenital deformity where the urinary tract opening is not at the tip of the glans.
  • Hunter advised the husband to collect his semen in a warmed syringe and inject it into his wife’s vagina. The experiment was successful and the wife was impregnated.

Here is a painting of John Hunter:

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