The tuba uterina (more commonly known as the Fallopian tube/uterine tube) is one of the tubes leading on either side from the upper or outer extremity of the ovary, which is largely enveloped by its expanded infundibulum, to the fundus of the uterus. It provides the path by which the ovum travels from the ovary to the uterus where, if fertilised in the tube, it will implant as a zygote.
The Italian anatomist and priest Gabriele Falloppio discovered the tuba uterina in 1561. He wrote the following regarding this structure in his 1561 publication, “This slender and narrow seminal tube is of a firm consistency and of a light colour. It originates near the uterine cornu, widens considerably along its length and ends up as a bent branch. At its terminal point, it is fibroid-fleshy and red. It is unraveling like the seam of a worn piece of garment. It displays a wide opening that is closed of as as the fringes converge. When these fringes are carefully separated, this part does indeed resemble the mouthpiece of a trumpet. Since the parts of the female’s seminal tube do resemble the shape of this classical music instrument, I have named it “tuba uteri”.” Here is a photograph of the uterus (centre) and the uterine tubes attached bilaterally:
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Here is a portrait of Gabriele Falloppio:
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