The discovery of the neuron purkinjense.


The neuron purkinjense (popularly known as the Purkinje cell) is one of numerous nerve cells that occupy the middle layer of the cerebellar cortex and is characterised by a large globuse body with massive dendrites directed outward and a single slender axon directed inward[1].


The Czech anatomist and physiologist Jan Evangelista Purkyně discovered[2] the neuron purkinjense in 1836 in the cerebellum of sheep. Here is a drawing[2] he made of his discovery:

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Here is a photomicrograph[3] of a section of the cerebellum stained with tdTomato taken using a confocal microscope, clearly showing Purkinje cells:

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Here is a lithograph[4] of Jan Evangelista Purkyně:

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  1. 20cell
  2. purkinjes+vision&source=gbs_navlinks_s, page 23.

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