The discovery of cellulose.

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Table of Contents
definition

It is the “main polysaccharide in living plants, forming the skeletal structure of the plant cell wall”[1] with the formula C6H10O5. It is used in the manufacture of paper and textiles[1].

DISCOVERY

The French chemist Anselme Payen discovered cellulose in 1838. In his 1838 publication[2] he wrote about dissolving ligneous (of or resembling wood) matter in nitric acid, potash and various other solvents and obtaining a precipitate which he thought “fills the cells and which constitutes the true ligneous matter”. Payen also determined the chemical formula of this newfound substance and noted that it was the same as that of starch. Here is a photograph[3] of pure cellulose:

[ux_image_box img=”1019″ image_width=”40″ link=”https://www.restauro-online.com/Pure-cellulose-pulp-long-fibre” target=”_blank”]

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discoverer

Here is a photograph[4] of Anselme Payen:

[ux_image_box img=”1022″ image_width=”40″ link=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anselme_Payen” target=”_blank”]

1795-1871

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sources
  1. https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/cellulose
  2. https://books.google.ae/books?id=VDRsFWwgUo4C&source=gbs_navlinks_s, pages 21-31.
  3. https://www.restauro-online.com/Pure-cellulose-pulp-long-fibre
  4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anselme_Payen